State-owned enterprises "maggots" behind huge losses
——An analysis of the case of Zhou Qunfeng, the former party secretary and chairman of Xiamen Supply and Marketing Co., Ltd.
"Today, as a criminal, I am ashamed and embarrassed to stand on the defendant's bench, and I feel shameless in the face of years of trust, care and cultivation of relatives and friends. Deeply regretted ... "On October 24, 2017, the Xiang'an District People's Court opened a trial to hear the case of Zhou Qunfeng, the former party secretary and chairman of Xiamen Supply and Marketing Co., Ltd., and there were no seats in the auditorium. In addition to Zhou Qunfeng's family, there were many employees of the Supply and Marketing Cooperative Group. In the face of family members, colleagues and subordinates who once cared for and supported themselves, Zhou Qunfeng was ashamed.
Zhou Qunfeng was born in the rural area of Yuyao, Zhejiang. In his early 40s, he became the leader of the city's state-owned enterprises, an enviable example, and the pride of his hometown. However, who can think that under the halo of "models", Zhou Qunfeng not only severely violated the integrity discipline and used his powers to profit from the activities of relatives and friends; he also violated national laws and regulations, corrupted and accepted more than 2 million yuan in bribes; and even attracted high-risk investment by the bribes The industry, which caused huge losses for enterprises, also nailed itself to the stigma of corruption.
"Love and Help"
Profit for relatives by greeting subordinates
● Confession: "My sister came to Xiamen and needed a storefront, and my company has exactly this advantage. I did not expect that the lease right of the storefront is also a rent-seeking benefit."
After graduating from the Graduate School of Economics of Xiamen University, Zhou Qunfeng has worked in many state-owned enterprises in our city. It took only about 15 years for him to grow from an immature state-owned enterprise employee to the head of the Xiamen Supply and Marketing Cooperative Group.
Zhou Qunfeng changed his life and also wanted to drive his family to become rich. However, for the sake of his family, Zhou Qunfeng left the party's honesty and discipline behind and frequently greeted his subordinates by making a profit for his relatives' business activities. The wrong way of "loving relatives and helping others" paid him a heavy price.
Zhou Qunfeng's sister, Zhou, is 7 years younger than him. After graduating from high school, Zhou opened a clothing store in Yuyao, Zhejiang. In 2004, Zhou sold his home property in order to have a better education environment for his children, and his family came to Xiamen to "invest in" his elder brother. What can you do in Xiamen? Zhou Qunfeng paved the way for his sister. Around 2006, Zhou Qunfeng greeted Chen Yongxiang, the former general manager of the asset operation department of the Supply and Marketing Cooperative Group (in 2017, he was sentenced to five years in prison for bribery), hoping that Chen Yongxiang would do his best to take care of Zhou in the lease of the supply and marketing cooperative group store. Chen Yongxiang didn't dare to neglect. With his help, Zhou rented a shop at the Sibei intersection at a relatively favorable price and continued to run the clothing business.
In the following years, Chen Yongxiang repeatedly provided vacant public rental housing information to Zhou. "Zhou Qunfeng has either greeted me directly or Zhou directly contacted me and let me lease the public housing of the Supply and Marketing Cooperative Group to Zhou." Chen Yongxiang said that he also wanted to establish a good relationship with Zhou Qunfeng through Zhou. From 2008 to 2013, Zhou Mou and Chen Yongxiang successively leased 5 stores including Sibei Road, Douzai Road, Gulangyu Longtou Road, etc. under the name of the Supply and Marketing Cooperative Group. "These stores did not undergo public bidding before 2013. The prices are relatively favorable. It is profitable to rent a good location in the early stages," said the investigator. After Zhou got the store, he used it for business use. Most of them increased the price to sublet others. From 2006 to 2013, Zhou made more than 400,000 yuan through subletting.
The problem that the supply and marketing cooperatives directly managed public housing for a long period of time without open bidding has been exposed in the audit. In 2013, when the Xiamen Municipal Audit Bureau audited the Supply and Marketing Cooperative Group, it pointed out that the Supply and Marketing Cooperative Group had not adopted public bidding for direct-managed public housing available for rent for a long time, and the rent per square meter was significantly higher than that of the same period in adjacent lots. Low, or even a difference of more than ten times, violates the relevant provisions of the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of Xiamen City in 2009 that "state-owned enterprise assets should be rented out through public bidding". Since then, the supply and marketing cooperative group has carried out rectification, and the rental income of directly managed public housing has increased significantly. The rent on the leading road in Zhoumou alone increased by nearly twelve times, and the rent in other stores also increased by three or four times.
Dating relatives is not for personal favors, or for relatives. Zhou Qunfeng has been trained by the Party for many years. He should know this obvious truth, but he ca n’t self-examine in a senior position, and he regards the Supply and Marketing Cooperative Group as his “independent kingdom”. "At first, my sister came to Xiamen and needed a store, and my company had exactly this advantage. I did not expect that getting the lease right of the store was also an interest-seeking." Zhou Qunfeng's "privateness" let him manage the public housing directly in the management of the supply and marketing cooperatives It was difficult to be "ironless and unselfish", which also made him more disciplinary and deeper and deeper in his subsequent work.
"Pro" instead of "clear"
Accept customers' "thank you fees" without fear
● Remorse: "In the tide of the market economy, I was eroded by decaying thoughts, and engaged in official business activities," pro "and" clear ". I didn't grasp the right place in the process of dealing with customers, and weakened the ability to resist corruption and degeneration."
"In the tide of the market economy, I have been eroded by decaying thoughts. I do not distinguish between" pro "and" clean "in my official business activities. I have not been sure of my attitude in dealing with customers, and my ability to resist corruption and erosion has weakened." When a leader When cadres and clients with ulterior motives come too close without fear, it is often difficult to have early warning awareness of "sugar-coated shells".
Chen Moumou was one of the early customers who sent "sugar-coated shells" to Zhou Qunfeng. Chen Moumou established a metal material utilization company in 2002, which is mainly engaged in recovering metal materials and dismantling scrapped cars and motorcycles. One day in the second half of 2006, Chen learned that Xiamen Update Materials Recycling Co., Ltd., under the name of the Supply and Marketing Cooperative Group, obtained the qualification for recycling scrapped cars. In order to enter the scrapped car recycling industry, Chen Moumou met Zhou Qunfeng through relationships. During the 2006 Mid-Autumn Festival, Chen Mou asked Zhou Qunfeng to drink tea in a tea house and gave Zhou Qunfeng a box of tea before leaving. When Zhou Qunfeng returned home, he found 10,000 yuan inside. During the Spring Festival in 2007, Chen Moumou gave Zhou Qunfeng 20,000 yuan in a similar way. "Sent by a familiar friend, I didn't accept it but thought it would not give people face." Zhou Qunfeng accepted the money and also agreed with Chen Moumou's request to cooperate with the renewal material recycling company to scrap the car dismantling business.
From then on until 2011, Chen Moumou would give Zhou Qunfeng "filial respect" during the Mid-Autumn Festival and Spring Festival, with a total of more than 200,000 yuan. "The Supply and Marketing Cooperative Group sells scrapped cars to us at a certain price. After we disassemble these cars, intact parts such as electric motors and carriages can be sold directly, and the rest are sold to steel recycling companies." Someone said that the reason he bribed Zhou Qunfeng was to hope to maintain a long-term cooperative relationship, while allowing Zhou Qunfeng to take care of the scrapped car recycling price. The audit report of the Xiamen Municipal Audit Bureau pointed out that the scrap cars sold by the Supply and Marketing Cooperative Group to Chen Moumou were unreasonably priced and the prices were lower than the national scrap market purchase price. Under the care of Zhou Qunfeng, Chen Moumou made a good profit. After all, Ke Zhi couldn't hold the fire. His approach caused strong dissatisfaction within the supply and marketing cooperatives.
Different from Chen Moumou, Zhu Moumou's sisters are more interested in Zhou Qunfeng's management of the supply and marketing cooperatives. Zhu Moumou runs a hotel in Xiamen because he met Zhou Qunfeng because he leased a supply and marketing agency store. Around 2010, Zhu Moumou leased a third-floor property of a building from the Supply and Marketing Cooperative Group to open a hotel, but a shop on the first floor was rented by an optical shop. Zhu Moumou needed this shop as a front desk. "When we negotiated with the optical shop, the other party was more anxious to see us, and the sub-leasing price was very high." Zhu Moumou, who encountered a problem, thought of Zhou Qunfeng for the first time. One day in 2010, Zhu Mou asked Zhou Qunfeng to go to a cafe for coffee, asked Zhou Qunfeng to help clear up the relationship with the optical shop, and gave a bag containing 50,000 yuan in cash to Zhou Qunfeng. This kind of thing is just a hand to Zhou Qunfeng, he accepted the 50,000 yuan on the spot. Later, with the help of Zhou Qunfeng, Zhu Moumou won the storefront of the optical shop at a satisfactory price. One day in 2012, Zhu Moumou gave Zhou Qunfeng 50,000 yuan in a similar manner when leasing a store on Wenyuan Road of the Supply and Marketing Cooperative Group, asking Zhou Qunfeng to take care of the extension of the contract signing period. Zhou Qunfeng smiled.
Alcohol sales are also profitable. Zhou Qunfeng used his job to receive more than 100,000 yuan from Li Moumou and Zhang Moumou to help the bribers and the commerce and trade companies under the Supply and Marketing Cooperative Group in wine procurement, and even cooperate with close business owners in the wine business and share the market. profit.
"They sent money all of a sudden to" dump "and caught off guard. At that time, they did not think about what kind of money they were, and thought that they would help others solve some problems and receive a" thank you fee ", which was not their own initiative. Indeed It ’s my mind relaxed! ”Speaking of these" thank you fees ", Zhou Qunfeng couldn't help pulling his hands between his legs to keep warm, and knocked heavily on the rusty iron window.
Face the risk
Do not forget to extend "black hands" to subordinate companies for corruption
● Confession: "I think that I have paid so much for this business, and I should eat, use, and receive a performance bonus."
For Zhou Qunfeng, it is not easy to manage the supply and marketing cooperatives well. The early main business of the Supply and Marketing Cooperative Group was unknown, the assets were scattered, and the profitability was poor. "After taking office, the most urgent task is to integrate the assets of the supply and marketing cooperative group, strive for the credit support of the bank, and use the integrated assets and platforms to develop emerging businesses." Zhou Qunfeng said that after his integration, the supply and marketing cooperative group gradually received the support of the bank. With money, you have to have a business direction. Which way can I go? Just then, a man named He Mouwei came to the door.
He Mouwei originally worked at Xiamen Special Trade Co., Ltd. and was a former colleague of Zhou Qunfeng. After the resignation of He Mouwei, Hui Weiying Import and Export Company was established, which was engaged in the very popular steel trading business at that time. In order to obtain financial support, He Mouwei reconnected with Zhou Qunfeng through Zhou Qunfeng's then-subordinate Zhuang Moumou and discussed with Zhou Qunfeng about steel trade cooperation. "The specific operation method is simply that the supply and marketing cooperative group issues acceptance bills to the bank to provide funds for Huiweiying. Huiweiying provides a certain percentage of the amount of acceptance bills to the supply and marketing cooperative group as cooperation profits and security deposits, and uses steel The warehouse receipts were held at the Supply and Marketing Cooperative Group, "said the case officer. In this process, the supply and marketing cooperative group did not need to use its own funds, but used the bank's credit line to the supply and marketing cooperative group "empty glove white wolf". Zhou Qunfeng felt profitable.
Later, the Supply and Marketing Cooperative Group established a company called "Jinhuirong". Zhou Qunfeng himself served as the company's legal representative and executive director, and Zhuang Moumou served as the company's general manager, intending to make a big contribution in the steel trading business. However, the audit report of the audit department pointed out that Zhou Qunfeng did not conduct collective research when making such a major decision, nor did he request a report from a superior authority. Zhou Qunfeng put his personal will above the organization, and his blind self-confidence and the sword's deflection laid the foundation for later huge losses.
Around May 2008, Xiamen Supply and Marketing Cooperative Group started a steel trading business with Huiweiying Company. In order to make Zhou Qunfeng support himself, He Mouwei gave Zhou Qunfeng a festival fee every Mid-autumn Festival and Spring Festival. Each time he sent a tens of thousands of shopping cards and tens of thousands of Hong Kong dollars or US dollars. "Because the Supply and Marketing Cooperative Group has continuously issued credit acceptance bills to banks to provide funds for our company, our company can continue to operate and the capital chain will not break. When I send money to Zhou Qunfeng, I hope he can always take care of me." He Mouwei said frankly, At first Zhou Qunfeng gave him a credit line of 50 million yuan through bank acceptance bills, which has continued to increase.
He Mouwei not only pays for the holidays, but also gives Zhou Qunfeng a large amount of money when he has specific needs. According to He Mouwei, in the second half of 2011, he hoped that Zhou Qunfeng could temporarily issue him an additional 45 million yuan bank acceptance bill to pay for the land purchase in Quanzhou, but Zhou Qunfeng was unwilling at first. In order to make Zhou Qunfeng obey, He Mouwei gave Zhou Qunfeng $ 150,000 at one time. "In fact, steel prices started to fall at this time, Zhou Qunfeng also knew that the risks were getting greater, but he still increased the credit limit for He Mouwei." The investigator said. The audit report pointed out that Huiweiying often delayed delivery during the cooperation between the two parties. However, Zhou Qunfeng did not take effective risk prevention measures, but was thinking about how to "make benefits" for himself.
From the beginning of 2010 to the beginning of 2012, Zhou Qunfeng asked Zhuang Moumou to pay a portion of the profit of Jinhuirong Company as his "year-end award", and explained that he applied for a bank card in the name of Zhuang Moumou and deposited the money in the card and handed it to him. . In these three years, Zhou Qunfeng illegally received the "year-end award" of 980,000 yuan, including 410,000 yuan in 2012 alone. "I think I have paid so much for this enterprise, and it is worthwhile to eat, use, and receive a performance bonus." At this time, Zhou Qunfeng already regarded the Supply and Marketing Cooperative Group as his "private bank", giving and receiving, even corruption crimes. At any rate.
Later, when the national steel trade crisis broke out, Zhou Qunfeng became the "ant on the hot pot." In May 2012, he quickly refunded He Mouwei's bribery and some corruption. But at this time, no matter how he refunded his money, he couldn't figure out his responsibility. Around July 2012, He Mouwei absconded because of a broken capital chain. His contract with the Supply and Marketing Cooperative Group worth tens of millions of yuan was not fulfilled, causing a loss of tens of millions of yuan for the Supply and Marketing Cooperative Group. Examined under the spotlight.
Although the Supply and Marketing Cooperative Group and Huiweiying Co., Ltd. received a certain percentage of the amount of the acceptance bill and agreed to use a steel warehouse receipt as a pledge, the proportion of the deposit was actually low, and there was a large risk loophole in the pledge of the warehouse receipt. The audit report pointed out that from May 2008 to April 2012, during the cooperation between Supply and Marketing Cooperative Group and Huiweiying Company, the goods were stored in a warehouse designated by Huiweiying Company in Shanghai. The supply and marketing cooperative group failed to perform on-site inspection of each ticket. Goods, there is no strict spot trading. In other words, although the supply and marketing cooperatives group holds Huiweiying's steel warehouse receipts, it does not mean that they have control over the steel. Once Huiweiying's volume "runs", it is likely that the supply and marketing cooperatives will have "finance" Goods are empty. "
In November 2017, Zhou Qunfeng was sentenced to six years and six months in prison by the Xiang'an District People's Court for several counts of corruption and bribery. Zhou Qunfeng had a bright future, and the organization placed him in the Supply and Marketing Cooperative Group was his trust and test. Unfortunately, in the years of the Supply and Marketing Cooperative Group, he gradually forgot his original intention and emphasized selfishness, and finally the life-saving ship sailed out of the correct channel.
"Now think about everything except health, peace, and family reunion. Everything is a cloud." Zhou Qunfeng said, turning to stare at the active prisoner outside the window thoughtfully. He said that now he wants to make a good transformation and return to his family at an early date, hoping that he will have time to honor his parents who are already old.
● Article 2 of the "Certain Guidelines for the Clean and Prudent Administration of Leading Cadres of the Communist Party of China"
It is forbidden to engage in profit-making activities without permission, and the following acts are not allowed: (1) Doing business or running an enterprise in the name of an individual or by others ...
● Article 6 of the "Provisions on the Integrity of State-owned Enterprise Leaders"
Leaders of state-owned enterprises shall exercise their right of management and operation to prevent acts that may infringe upon public interests and corporate interests. The following actions must not be taken: (1) my spouse, children, and other specific related parties, invest in shares in the company's affiliated companies, or companies with a business relationship with the company; (2) entrust, lease, or contract state assets to the spouse , Children and other specific relationships; (3) use of authority to provide convenience for spouses, children and other specific relationships to engage in profit-making business activities; (4) use of authority to each other and their spouse, children and other specific relationships Provide convenient conditions for engaging in for-profit business activities ...
Watch out for "privatization" in state-owned asset management
In recent years, state-owned enterprises in our city are high-incidence areas for serious disciplinary and duty crimes, and many cases have concentrated on asset management. The "privatization" of state-owned asset management behind these cases is noteworthy.
Before handling the supply and marketing cooperative group Zhou Qunfeng's bribery case, the case-handling agency received multiple reporting letters, which pointed directly at the issue of the supply and marketing cooperative group assets being "privatized" by some people, and these reports were not groundless. For example, Zhou Qunfeng and the bribers invested in the steel trading business, in fact, he decided it privately, and other personnel within the supply and marketing cooperative group could not intervene. In the early days, the supply and marketing cooperative group directly managed the public housing for a long time without public bidding, allowing Zhou Qunfeng and Chen Yongxiang to manage these public housing. It can easily “damage the public and private”; the early scrap car dismantling business of the Supply and Marketing Cooperative Group also did not adopt open bidding to determine partners, and scarce resources were “monopolized” by a few people for a long time, and corruption was breeding.
Why can Zhou Qunfeng, Chen Yongxiang and other people involved in the case easily treat the state-owned assets of the Supply and Marketing Cooperative Group as "private" property?
The opacity of state-owned asset operation and management is an important reason. When Zhou Qunfeng decided to invest in the steel trading business, he should have decided through collective research in strict democratic deliberative procedures, but Zhou Qunfeng did not do so, and the risk control was like a child's play; the supply and marketing cooperatives should directly introduce market competition mechanisms to determine the tenants. Under the control of Chen Yongxiang and others, the relatively open and fair bidding system could not be introduced in time, and the power and money transaction was easily reached. Under the non-public and opaque state-owned assets operation and management mechanism, with the exception of Zhou Qunfeng and Chen Yongxiang, others have no control over their actions, and they cannot control their internal or external supervision. A number of cases found in our city in recent years indicate that the more opaque the management and operation of state-owned assets, the more daring the violation of discipline and law, the more dare to put on the coat of "managing state-owned assets," and "enrich their own pockets." State assets are being ignored.
Strictly administer the party comprehensively, and state-owned enterprises should not be an exception.
Sun Mingzhong, member of the Standing Committee of the Municipal Party Committee, Secretary of the Municipal Commission for Discipline Inspection, and director of the Municipal Supervision Committee, has repeatedly emphasized that it is necessary to improve and improve the management system of various state-owned assets and effectively prevent the loss of state-owned assets. Focusing on the reality of our city, we must further strengthen the asset management of state-owned enterprises at present, organize personnel in a timely manner to clean up the use of state-owned enterprises' fixed assets, ownership and historical issues, and revise and improve the enterprise's fixed asset management system without leaving blind spots; Improve the collective decision-making and reporting approval system for major events, improve the risk control mechanism and supervisory accountability mechanism for major business issues, prevent operational risks in a timely manner, and promote the preservation and appreciation of state-owned assets; vigorously introduce market competition mechanisms to promote the open recruitment of state-owned enterprise asset operations Tender system, improve the regulations on asset lease management, strictly investigate and deal with the behaviors of explicit bidding, conspicuous bidding, and stringent bidding; explore the establishment of a regular communication and appointment system for the secretary of the disciplinary commission of state-owned enterprises, strengthen the supervision role of the disciplinary inspection agency of state-owned enterprises, and timely discover and investigate the state-owned enterprise asset management Violations of discipline and law, purifying the political ecology of state-owned enterprises.